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Integrative & Sustainable Management of Marine Resources: Institutional Development in Sweden

Poster (konferens)
Författare Andrea Morf
Publicerad i EU-project HERMES (Hotspot Ecosystem Research on the Margins of European Sas) Final conference, Hotel Tivoli Almansor, Carvoeiro, Portugal, 2.-6. March 2009
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för marin ekologi
Språk en
Ämnesord participation, maritime spatial planning, integrated maritime management, conflict management
Ämneskategorier Vatten i natur och samhälle, Översiktlig planering, Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier), Studier av offentlig förvaltning, Empirisk konfliktforskning

Sammanfattning

This part of the HERMIONE-project analyses how Sweden deals with challenges of integrative marine- and coastal management by discussing selected initiatives with innovative traits and their potentials and problems. International initiatives calling for integrative and participatory management – such as the application of the ecosystem approach based on the Convention of Biodiversity and the European Union’s Marine Directive and ICZM-recommendations – put pressure also on Sweden to go beyond traditional sector-based and top down resource management. Building integrative management of coastal and marine resources into a centralist and sector-based system of governance as in Sweden presents numerous challenges. Integrative approaches used so far have been municipal spatial planning, the ongoing implementation of watershed management based on the EU Water Framework Directive, and a number of resource-specific initiatives on local or regional level. Especially challenging is the management of offshore areas, where so far no cross-sector instruments are existing. The issue is how to build a management system connecting sectors and levels in an optimal way. A proposal of how to reorganise and complement the existing institutional system has been presented by the Inquiry Commission on the Marine Environment. This project shall analyse both the existing and coming system and selected ongoing processes, where local management of marine resources has been linked with higher-level systems of governance in an innovative way.The case studies will include stakeholder analysis, conflict analysis and how the present management system deals with them (policies and management instruments and the effects). Special attention will be directed towards stakeholder participation in marine management and an integrative management perspective including integration between sectors, levels, and across different types of knowledge (interdisciplinary scientifc and transdisciplinary including everyday knowledge). There will be an archipelago/coast case in the Koster-Hvaler- area within the territorial waters, where marine national parks are planned on both sides of the Swedish/Norwegian border and an offshore case in the Bratten area (EEZ), if Swedish marine planning comes under way during the time of HERMIONE. Of special interest is the development of a collaboration between fishermen, authorities and scientists in the Koster-Väderöarea and what has been achieved through this process and what potential there is to translate such an approach to other areas, not the least with a perspective on how to protect and enhance the habitat of coldwater corals. This fits well together with natural scientific research in NE Skagerrak, where several large complexes of cold-water coral ecosystems have recently been found in coastal deep-water channels (Koster-Väderö-trench system in SE and farther north in the Hvaler area in NO) and in canyon systems in the open Skagerrak (among other Bratten-area). This is a long distance from the closest known cold water coral ecosystems on the Atlantic Margin. Methods to be used include literature review, document analysis, direct observation, interviews and some further, more participatory research techniques.

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