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Impact of obstructive sleep apnea and sleepiness on metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) Study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare R R Grunstein
Kaj Stenlöf
Jan A Hedner
Lars Sjöström
Publicerad i International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Volym 19
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 410-8
ISSN 0307-0565
Publiceringsår 1995
Publicerad vid Institutionen för invärtesmedicin
Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för kroppssammansättning och metabolism
Sidor 410-8
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adult, Anthropometry, Blood Glucose, analysis, Blood Pressure, physiology, Cardiovascular Diseases, epidemiology, metabolism, physiopathology, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Insulin, blood, metabolism, Intervention Studies, Lipid Metabolism, Lipids, blood, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, epidemiology, metabolism, physiopathology, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Sleep, physiology, Sleep Apnea Syndromes, epidemiology, metabolism, physiopathology, Sweden, epidemiology, Triglycerides, blood, metabolism, Uric Acid, blood, metabolism
Ämneskategorier Endokrinologi

Sammanfattning

OBJECTIVE: To determine if obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is independently associated with cardiovascular risk factors and health status in subjects with severe obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of epidemiological data. SUBJECTS: 3034 participants in the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) Cohort. Two sub-groups with a high and low likelihood for OSA based on questionnaire data were analysed in detail. MEASUREMENTS: General health questionnaires, anthropometric data including CT calibrated values for body fat distribution and lean body mass, blood pressure, fasting insulin, triglycerides, cholesterol, uric acid, glucose. RESULTS: Self-reported loud snoring and observed breathing pauses (high likelihood of OSA) was associated with increased frequency of WHO Grade 4 dyspnea, admissions to hospital with chest pain, myocardial infarction, blood pressure, fasting insulin, fasting triglyceride (women only), uric acid (women only) after adjustment for body fat distribution and other potential confounders. CONCLUSION: OSA may be another medical disorder which contributes to morbidity in severe obesity and is associated with some of the components of the metabolic syndrome observed in the centrally obese.

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