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Morphological and chemical characterization of tooth enamel exposed to alkaline agents

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Fabian Taube
Rikard Ylmén
A. Shchukarev
S. Nietzsche
Jörgen G Norén
Publicerad i Journal of Dentistry
Volym 38
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 72-81
ISSN 0300-5712
Publiceringsår 2010
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Sidor 72-81
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2009.09....
Ämnesord Enamel, Erosion, Dental, Biofilm, Alkaline, Odontology, XPS, FTIR, SEM, XRD
Ämneskategorier Kirurgisk forskning

Sammanfattning

Objectives: In this study, morphological and chemical changes in teeth enamel exposed to alkaline agents, with or without surfactants, have been investigated. In addition, chemical effects of the organic surface layer, i.e. plaque and pellicle, were also investigated. Methods: The present study was conducted using several techniques: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results: From XPS-measurements, it was found that exposure to alkaline solutions resulted in a massive removal of carbon from the tooth surface, and that the addition of surfactants increased the rate under present conditions. Based on the results from the FTIR-analysis, no substitution reactions between phosphate, carbonate and hydroxide ions in the enamel apatite could be detected. From a minor SEM-analysis, degradation and loss of substance of the enamel surface was found for the exposed samples. From XRD-analysis, no changes in crystallinity of the enamel apatite could be found between the samples. Conclusions: The findings in this study show that exposure to alkaline solutions results in a degradation of enamel surfaces very dissimilar from acidic erosion. No significant erosion or chemical substitution of the apatite crystals themselves could be discerned. However, significant loss of organic carbon at the enamel surface was found in all exposed samples. The degradation of the protective organic layer at the enamel surface may profoundly increase the risk for caries and dental erosion from acidic foods and beverages.

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