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Alcohol and macronutrient intake patterns are related to general and central adiposity.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Martin Brandhagen
Helene Berteus Forslund
Lauren Lissner
Anna Winkvist
Anna-Karin Lindroos
Lena M S Carlsson
Lars Sjöström
Ingrid Larsson
Publicerad i European journal of clinical nutrition
Volym 66
Sidor 305–313
ISSN 1476-5640
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Sidor 305–313
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.189
Ämnesord alcohol, body fat, macronutrients, sagittal abdominal diameter, waist circumference
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden

Sammanfattning

Background/Objectives:Alcohol and dietary fat have high energy densities and may therefore be related to body weight and fat deposition. We studied associations between alcohol and macronutrient intake patterns and general and central adiposity.Subjects/Methods:A population-based cross-sectional study of 524 men and 611 women. The participants answered a dietary questionnaire describing habitual food consumption including intake of alcoholic beverages. Macronutrient intake was analysed in relation to anthropometric measures and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry determined body fat.Results:In women, total alcohol intake was negatively associated with body fat percentage (β:-0.67, P<0.01). In men, total alcohol intake was positively associated with sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) (β: 0.28, P=0.01). In addition, positive associations were found between intake of alcohol from spirits and body fat percentage (β: 1.17, P<0.05), SAD (β: 0.52, P<0.05) and waist circumference (β: 2.29, P=0.01). In men, protein intake was positively associated with body mass index (BMI) (β: 0.03, P=0.001), body fat percentage (β: 0.04, P<0.05), SAD (β: 0.02, P=0.01) and waist circumference (β: 0.09, P<0.01). Also in men only, negative associations between fat intake and BMI (β: -0.03, P<0.01), SAD (β: -0.02, P<0.05) and waist circumference (β: -0.05, P<0.05) were found.Conclusions:Alcohol intake was inversely associated to relative body fat in women whereas spirits consumption was positively related to central and general obesity in men. Macronutrient intakes, particularly protein and fat, were differently associated with obesity indicators in men versus women. This may reflect a differential effect by gender, or differential obesity related reporting errors in men and women.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 16 November 2011; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2011.189.

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