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Perceptual, motor and attentional deficits in six-year-old children. Epidemiological aspects.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christopher Gillberg
Peder Rasmussen
G Carlström
B Svenson
Eva Waldenström
Publicerad i Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Volym 23
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 131-144
ISSN 0021-9630
Publiceringsår 1982
Publicerad vid Institutionen för pediatrik
Medicinska institutionen
Sidor 131-144
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Attention, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Child, Child Behavior, Child, Preschool, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Motor Skills, Questionnaires, Sex Factors, Sweden
Ämneskategorier Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri

Sammanfattning

A total population study of 4797 six-year-old children attending the public preschools in the city of Göteborg (Gothenburg) has been carried out. A questionnaire with 34 questions about MBD-related problems was distributed to all pre-school teachers. Three thousand four hundred and forty-eight questionnaires were completed. Factor analysis of the questionnaire and empirical results from a pilot study provided the basis for selecting for further study children with pre-school signs and symptoms suggestive of MBD. Neurological, psychiatric and psychological assessment of 82 children with, and 59 children without, pre-school symptoms of MBD revealed that in the index groups 41% of the children, and in the control group 3% of the children, had MBD. Extrapolation procedures gave a total population frequency of 1.2% with severe MBD and a further 5.9% with mild-moderate MBD. A very large questionnaire refusal rate (28%) is discussed. The relevance of the calculated frequency figures, especially as regards the mild-moderate MBD category, cannot be properly evaluated until long-term follow-up has been completed.

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