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Epidemiology of infantile hydrocephalus in Sweden. Current aspects of the outcome in preterm infants.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Elisabeth Fernell
Bengt Hagberg
Gudrun Hagberg
G Hult
Lennart von Wendt
Publicerad i Neuropediatrics
Volym 19
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 143-145
ISSN 0174-304X
Publiceringsår 1988
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Institutionen för pediatrik
Sidor 143-145
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1052418
Ämnesord Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Hydrocephalus, Epidemiology, Mortality, Physiopathology, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Male, Sweden
Ämneskategorier Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri

Sammanfattning

The outcome in a population-based series of 61 Swedish preterm infants born in 1967-82 with infantile hydrocephalus (IH) was investigated. Sixteen (26%) died before the age of two years. The available information was updated when the 45 surviving children were at least four years and six months old. A structured follow-up examination was performed in the 13 children who had passed the age of six years. Among the 45 survivors, 47% had cerebral palsy, 51% mental retardation and 33% epilepsy. The overall outcome for preterm infants with IH was found to be poorer than that for fullterm ones. Prognostic factors correlating to a poor outcome were an obvious origin of IH (pre- or perinatal) and a gestational age of less than 28 weeks. It is concluded that handicapped IH children born very or extremely prematurely constitute a new, and to a large extent severely brain-damaged group that has entered the Swedish IH panorama since the end of the 1970s.

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