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Human Gastric Mucins Differently Regulate Helicobacter pylori Proliferation, Gene Expression and Interactions with Host Cells.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Emma C Skoog
Åsa Sjöling
Nazanin Navabi
Jan Holgersson
Samuel B Lundin
Sara K. Lindén
Publicerad i PLoS One
Volym 7
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor e36378
ISSN 1932-6203
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för mikrobiologi och immunologi
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk kemi och cellbiologi
Sidor e36378
Språk en
Länkar www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%...
Ämnesord Helicobacter pylori, muciner, cancer, proliferation, bindning, virulens
Ämneskategorier Medicinsk cellbiologi, Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området, Medicinsk mikrobiologi, Immunbiologi, Infektionsmedicin

Sammanfattning

Helicobacter pylori colonizes the mucus niche of the gastric mucosa and is a risk factor for gastritis, ulcers and cancer. The main components of the mucus layer are heavily glycosylated mucins, to which H. pylori can adhere. Mucin glycosylation differs between individuals and changes during disease. Here we have examined the H. pylori response to purified mucins from a range of tumor and normal human gastric tissue samples. Our results demonstrate that mucins from different individuals differ in how they modulate both proliferation and gene expression of H. pylori. The mucin effect on proliferation varied significantly between samples, and ranged from stimulatory to inhibitory, depending on the type of mucins and the ability of the mucins to bind to H. pylori. Tumor-derived mucins and mucins from the surface mucosa had potential to stimulate proliferation, while gland-derived mucins tended to inhibit proliferation and mucins from healthy uninfected individuals showed little effect. Artificial glycoconjugates containing H. pylori ligands also modulated H. pylori proliferation, albeit to a lesser degree than human mucins. Expression of genes important for the pathogenicity of H. pylori (babA, sabA, cagA, flaA and ureA) appeared co-regulated in response to mucins. The addition of mucins to co-cultures of H. pylori and gastric epithelial cells protected the viability of the cells and modulated the cytokine production in a manner that differed between individuals, was partially dependent of adhesion of H. pylori to the gastric cells, but also revealed that other mucin factors in addition to adhesion are important for H. pylori-induced host signaling. The combined data reveal host-specific effects on proliferation, gene expression and virulence of H. pylori due to the gastric mucin environment, demonstrating a dynamic interplay between the bacterium and its host.

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