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Typical Situations for Managers in the Swedish Public Sector: Cluster Analysis of Working conditions using the Job Demands-Resources Model

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Erik Berntson
Linda Wallin
Annika Härenstam
Publicerad i International Public Management Journal
Volym 15
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 100-130
ISSN 1096-7494
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap
Sidor 100-130
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/10967494.2012.68...
Ämnesord public sector, work environment, manager, person-oriented approach, health, motivation, performance,
Ämneskategorier Industriell organisation, administration och ekonomi, Yrkesmedicin, Psykologi, Studier av offentlig förvaltning

Sammanfattning

Managers in many public domains have to meet major challenges today, why it is essential to focus on their working conditions in order to develop a sustainable situation. In the present study, the aim was to explore different types of managerial situations and how they discriminate in health, motivation and performance outcomes. Using the job demands-resources model as a framework, four demands and three resources were included in a cluster analysis in order to answer the research question. In total, 548 managers in Sweden participated, including heads of department, middle managers, firstline managers, team leaders and expert managers. The most important finding was that the eight clusters of managerial situations, that were found, discriminated in a distinct way against each other regarding health, motivation and performance. The results can be used as guidance for organizational intervention as both very satisfactory and very unsatisfactory situations are identified.

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