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Capacity to work while depressed and anxious - a phenomenological study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Monica Bertilsson
Eva-Lisa Petersson
Gunnel Östlund
Margda Waern
Gunnel Hensing
Publicerad i Disability and rehabilitation
Volym 35
Nummer/häfte 20
Sidor 1705-1711
ISSN 1464-5165
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor 1705-1711
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2012.75...
Ämnesord Fitness for work, work capacity, mental health, focus groups
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden


Abstract Purpose: The aim was to explore experiences of capacity to work in persons working while depressed and anxious in order to identify the essence of the phenomenon capacity to work. Method: Four focus groups were conducted with 17 participants employed within the regular job market. Illness experiences ranged from symptoms to clinical diagnoses. A phenomenological approach was employed. Results: The phenomenon of capacity to work was distinguished by nine constituents related to task, time, context and social interactions. The phenomenon encompassed a lost familiarity with one's ordinary work performance, the use of a working facade and adoption of new time-consuming work practices. Feelings of exposure in interpersonal encounters, disruption of work place order, lost "refueling" and a trade-off of between work capacity and leisure-time activities was also identified. The reduced capacity was pointed out as invisible, this invisibility was considered troublesome. Conclusions: A complex and comprehensive concept emerged, not earlier described in work capacity studies. Rehabilitation processes would benefit from deeper knowledge of the individual's capacity to work in order to make efficient adjustments at work. Results can have particular relevance both in clinical and occupational health practice, as well as in the workplaces, in supporting re-entering workers after sickness absence. Implications for Rehabilitation The reduced capacity to work due to depression and anxiety is not always understandable or observable for others, therefore, the rehabilitation process would benefit from increased knowledge and understanding of the difficulties afflicted individuals experience at work. Identifying tasks that contribute to "refueling" at work might enhance the success of the rehabilitation. Rehabilitation programs could be tailored to better address the inabilities that impact on the capacity to work when depressed and anxious.

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