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Governance Bottlenecks and Policy Options for Sustainable Materials Management - A Discussion paper

Rapport
Författare Gunilla Ölund Wingqvist
Daniel Slunge
ISBN 978-91-620-8688-6
Förlag United Nations Development Programme and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.
Förlagsort Stockholm
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik, Enheten för miljöekonomi
Göteborgs miljövetenskapliga centrum, GMV
Språk en
Länkar www.naturvardsverket.se/Documents/p...
Ämnesord sustainable materials management governance
Ämneskategorier Ekonomi och näringsliv, Statsvetenskap, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik

Sammanfattning

Growing volumes and complexities of material flows pose serious risks to human health and ecosystems during different stages of the materials’ life-cycle. The gradual shift of base for manufacturing and chemical industries to developing countries has contributed to growth and employment but also lead to serious pollution of water, air and soil. Poor people tend to be most adversely affected by pollution and the health impacts from water and air pollution or dumping of hazardous waste is often dramatic. Managing mounting waste streams is currently one of the biggest challenges for rapidly growing urban centers in developing countries. Poor waste collection and dumping of waste in water bodies and uncontrolled dump sites is a major sanitation problem. Waste management is also an issue of global concern since the decay of organic material in post consumer solid waste contributes to about 5 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. The growing flow of materials also includes a growing flow of chemicals in different products making waste streams more complex. It is increasingly recognized that a technical focus on end-of-pipe solutions is not sufficient to address these problems. A shift towards more upstream approaches that can assure cleaner and more resource efficient materials flows is necessary. The traditional focus on technical solutions needs to be combined with strengthening institutions and governance systems since the way national and local authorities govern, regulate and control material flows have profound impacts on human health, environmental sustainability and economic growth. Policy design for sustainable materials management is embedded in a political context with multiple actors and interests. In many cases, measures that strengthen important human rights principles such as the rule of law, transparency and public participation may be equally or more important than specific environmental policies or projects in order to improve materials management. The purpose of this paper is to describe how and in what way governance matters to achieve a sustainable materials management that contributes positively to development. The paper introduces key concepts, and discusses key governance mechanisms to achieve a more sustainable materials management in a developing country context.

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