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Effects related to indomethacin prolonged survival and decreased tumor-growth in a mouse-tumor model with cytokine dependent cancer cachexia.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christina Lönnroth
G Svaninger
Johan Gelin
Christian Cahlin
Britt-Marie Iresjö
E Cvetkovska
Staffan Edström
Marianne Andersson
Elisabeth Svanberg
Kent Lundholm
Publicerad i International journal of oncology
Volym 7
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 1405-13
ISSN 1019-6439
Publiceringsår 1995
Publicerad vid Institutionen för de kirurgiska disciplinerna, Avdelningen för kirurgi
Sidor 1405-13
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Sammanfattning

Tumor-bearing mice with two different locally growing malignant tumors (epithelial like, MCG 101; malignant melanoma, K1735-M2) were used to evaluate the putative role of prostaglandins for survival and local tumor growth in experimental cancer. Daily systemic injections of indomethacin (1 mu g/g bw) were used to block prostaglandin production in normal and T-cell deficient tumor-bearing nude mice. Tumor progression was determined by measurements of tumor weight, DNA-synthesis, cell cycle kinetics in vivo and in vitro (flow cytometry), tumor tissue concentrations of polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, spermine) and tumor tissue gene expression of growth regulating factors (IL-1 alpha, IL-6, TNF alpha, A,B-PDGF, EGF, VEGF, bFGF, TGF beta(3), angiogenin and transferrin receptor). Tumor tissue content of von Willebrandt factor VIII was estimated by immunohistochemistry. Indomethacin had no effect on survival, host nutritional state or local tumor growth in mice bearing the malignant melanoma with low PGE(2) production. In contrast, indomethacin prolonged survival, improved cachexia and decreased tumor growth in mice bearing the MCG 101 tumor with hundredfold higher prostaglandin tumor production, leading to elevated liver and muscle tissue as well as plasma concentrations of PGE(2). Indomethacin inhibited almost completely the high tumor PGE(2) production in MCG tumors, leading to prolonged potential doubling time for tumor growth in vivo, and a trend to decreased tumor tissue concentration of polyamines (spermidine). Indomethacin had no inhibitory effect on tumor cell proliferation in vitro, although PGE(2) production was decreased by 75%. The effect of indomethacin in vivo was independent of T-cells and was observed with similar magnitude irrespective of the number of MCG cells (10(4)-10(6)) implanted or the site of implantation (s.c., i.p., liver, lung, skeletal muscles). Tumor growth inhibition by indomethacin was not intrinsically transferable by tumor cells from indomethacin treated tumor-animals. Tumor expression of mRNA for several growth regulating factors were either increased (IL-6, TNF alpha, GM-CSF, TGF beta(3)) unchanged (EGF, VEGF, PDGF A,B, IL-1 alpha, transferrin receptor) or decreased (b-FGF and angiogenin) (p<0.05) by indomethacin treatment of MCG mice. Decreased tumor content of von Willebrandt factor VIII in combination with an attenuated tumor vasculature were associated with decreased tumor growth (p<0.05). Our results confirm that high tumor production of prostaglandins was related to reduced survival. Tumor prostaglandins probably promote local tumor growth by stimulation of tumor surrounding cells to produce growth factor(s) for tumor angiogenesis including tumor and matrix cell proliferation unrelated to immune cells.

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