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Dental fear among children and adolescents in a multicultural population – a cross-sectional study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anida Fägerstad
Jesper Lundgren
Kristina Arnrup
Publicerad i Swedish Dental Journal
Volym 39
Sidor 109-120
ISSN 0347-9994
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 109-120
Språk en
Ämnesord Dental fear, questionnaires, cultural diversity
Ämneskategorier Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi), Odontologisk beteendevetenskap

Sammanfattning

The aim of this study was to explore dental fear in a multicultural population of child and adolescent dental patients, with background, gender, age, and socioeconomic status taken into account. A specific aim was to investigate whether the level of DF differed between patients with a non- Swedish background and patients with a Swedish background. In conjunction with a routine visit to the dental clinic, 301 patients (8–19 years old) assessed their dental fear on the Children’s Fear Survey Schedule – Dental Subscale, using self-ratings. Following an interview protocol, patients’ and their parents’ country of birth, and parents’ education and occupation/employment were registered. An interpreter was present when needed. Self-rated dental fear was almost equal among patients coming from a non-Swedish background and patients with a Swedish background. Girls scored higher than boys and younger children scored slightly higher compared to older children, but the pattern of dental fear variation was inconsistent. Socioeconomic status differed between the groups with a non- Swedish vs. a Swedish background, but no impact on dental fear was revealed. When children and adolescents with a non-Swedish vs. a Swedish background were modelled separately, female gender and younger age had an impact on dental fear only in the group with a Swedish background. No differences in dental fear were found between children and adolescents from non-Swedish vs. Swedish backgrounds. Dental fear variations according to gender and age were more pronounced in the group with a Swedish background compared to the group with a non-Swedish background. No impact of socioeconomic status could be revealed.

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