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Building Systems for Freedom of Expression in a Digital Era: Considering Sweden

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Andrew Kenyon
Eva-Maria Svensson
Maria Edström
Publicerad i Nordmedia Mobile presence-Mobile Modernities.13-15 Aaug. Copenhagen
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation (JMG)
Juridiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Freedom of expression, media law, media regulation, self-regulation, journalism, advertising
Ämneskategorier Juridik, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

By combining law and media studies this paper considers the challenges posed to freedom of expression in a changing media landscape. When media business models are in a crisis, the regulatory framework is also put under pressure. Policies, legislation and self-regulation have all been developed in accordance with business models based on a division between editorial and commercial content. This division is important for press legitimacy, which relies on independence not only from the state but also from commercial interests. We focus on how to build sustainable democratic regulatory frameworks for the media and consider different roles for the state as non-intervening or active. The goal is a system with a high degree of media independence guaranteeing freedom of expression as a right for individuals and as a common good. Two diverging ideas are relevant here, which in an international context are often framed as negative vs. positive freedom of expression. The negative view is that the state should intervene as little as possible; this view advocates a limitation on government action that restricts speech. The positive view is that the state should do more and be active in supporting freedom of expression; merely not restricting speech is insufficient to create the conditions for the media’s democratic role. Future challenges include how to maintain the division between editorial and commercial content, and who should take responsibility for maintaining the division, the state or the market.

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