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The importance of leadership quality for social capital

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Marcus Strömgren
Andrea Eriksson
Linda Åhlström
Lotta Dellve
Publicerad i Wellbeing at work
Förlag Wellbeing at work
Förlagsort Amsterdam
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Språk en
Länkar https://www.researchgate.net/public...
Ämneskategorier Arbetslivsstudier, Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi

Sammanfattning

Objectives Social capital (trust, reciprocity and recognition) has in earlier research shown to be important for employees´ job satisfaction and to health care staffs´ engagement in clinical improvements of patient safety and quality of care. Since that it would be of interest to investigate which factors influences workplace social capital. Research findings shows that leadership has importance to staffs´ health and wellbeing and affects factors in the work environment factors as job satisfaction and work engagement. If and how leadership is associated with social capital is rarely described in previous research. However the few studies performed indicate that there are associated correlations between leadership and social capital, and leadership quality and social capital. The aim was to assess the importance of leadership quality for workplace social capital in hospital settings. Methods This study was a longitudinal cohort study. Questionnaires to physicians, nurses, assistant nurses at five Swedish hospitals was used to collect data (T0, n=865, T1, n=908, T2, n=602). Leadership quality was assessed from Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire (COPSOQ) and social capital was assessed from both COPSOQ and modern work life questionnaire. Bivariate analyses was used and a mixed model repeated measurement for the longitudinal analyses were performed. Logistic regression were performed to investigate the impact of leadership quality on social capital. Results Relationship between quality of leadership and social capital was found (R = 0.58, p-value <0.0001). Differences in levels of social capital between the groups of low, medium and high levels in quality of leadership was found. Differences between the groups sustained over time. Results of the logistic regression showed that when leadership quality increased social capital increased by three times( 3.0 [1.9 - 4.6] ). Conclusion Leadership qualities were related to-, had importance for- and influenced workplace social capital among health care staff. Managers with high levels of leadership quality have greater possibilities to engage employees in organizational development than managers with medium or low levels of leadership quality. Accordingly it is relevant for managers to maintain or develop these skills with respect to leadership quality.

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