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Low dose continuously infused growth hormone results in increased lipoprotein(a) and decreased low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in middle-aged men.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Jan Oscarsson
Malin Ottosson
Olov Wiklund
Per Mårin
Kerstin Vikman-Adolfsson
Per Björntorp
Staffan Edén
Publicerad i Clinical endocrinology
Volym 41
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 109-16
ISSN 0300-0664
Publiceringsår 1994
Publicerad vid Wallenberglaboratoriet
Hjärt-kärlinstitutionen
Institutionen för invärtesmedicin
Institutionen för fysiologi och farmakologi, Avdelningen för fysiologi
Sidor 109-16
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adult, Cholesterol, LDL, blood, Growth Hormone, administration & dosage, Humans, Insulin, blood, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, analysis, Lipoprotein(a), blood, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, blood, Recombinant Proteins, administration & dosage, Triglycerides, blood
Ämneskategorier Endokrinologi

Sammanfattning

Animal studies have shown that slight increases in basal GH concentrations may result in changes in lipoprotein metabolism. Such changes in GH secretion have been observed in physiological and pathophysiological states such as fasting, uncontrolled diabetes and during oestrogen treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of increases in basal plasma GH concentrations on lipoprotein concentrations.Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) was given as a continuous subcutaneous infusion in a low dose (0.02 U/kg/day) in an open study.Eight middle-aged (42-59 years) overweight (body mass index: 26.1-33.8 kg/m2) but otherwise healthy men were studied over a period of 14 days.Blood samples were obtained after an over-night fast before and after 2, 7 and 14 days of treatment. Plasma and serum were separated and used for subsequent measurements of hormone and lipoprotein concentrations. On days 0, 7 and 14 of treatment, post-heparin plasma was also obtained for determinations of plasma lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase activities. In addition, a hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic glucose clamp was performed on days 0 and 13 of the study. Fat biopsies from abdominal and gluteal fat depots were obtained for measurement of lipoprotein lipase activities on days 0 and 14 of the study.Serum GH concentrations increased to a steady level of 2-4 mU/l during treatment. Serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations increased throughout the treatment period to twice the pretreatment levels. Plasma insulin and blood glucose concentrations increased on day 2 of treatment. After 7 and 14 days of treatment blood glucose concentrations were not different from pretreatment levels, but plasma insulin concentrations were still elevated. Serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations had decreased after 7 and 14 days of treatment. High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations were not affected, but very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations increased transiently at day 2 of treatment. Serum apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, apoB and apoE concentrations were not significantly affected. Serum lipoprotein(a) concentrations had increased by days 7 and 14 to 147 and 142% of pretreatment concentrations, respectively. Lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase activities in post-heparin plasma, as well as abdominal and gluteal adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activities, were not affected. There was no significant change in glucose disposal rate estimated from the glucose clamp studies.A low dose infusion of GH results in marked changes in lipoprotein concentrations with a transient increase in VLDL cholesterol and thereafter in a decrease in LDL cholesterol. In addition, this low dose of GH resulted in marked increases in lipoprotein(a) concentrations. The observed effects of GH may partly involve changes in IGF-I and insulin secretion.

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