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Interaction of substance P with the respiratory control system in the rat.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Jan A Hedner
Thomas Hedner
Per Wessberg
Jan Jonason
Publicerad i The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Volym 228
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 196-201
ISSN 0022-3565
Publiceringsår 1984
Publicerad vid Farmakologiska institutionen
Sidor 196-201
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Animals, Blood Pressure, drug effects, Carbon Dioxide, pharmacology, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Heart Rate, drug effects, Male, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Respiration, drug effects, Respiratory Center, drug effects, Respiratory Function Tests, Substance P, pharmacology
Ämneskategorier Farmakologi

Sammanfattning

The effects of substance P (SP) on respiratory regulation were studied in halothane-anesthetized rats. Intracerebroventricular injections of SP in the dose range 3 to 30 micrograms (3 X 10(-9) to 3 X 10(-8) mol) induced a dose-dependent stimulation of minute ventilation due to an increase in tidal volume although respiratory frequency was slightly decreased. Inspiratory drive (tidal volume/inspiratory time; P0.1) increased whereas respiratory duty cycle (inspiratory time/total cycle duration) remained unchanged. Animals subjected to bilateral vagotomy showed a similar response to i.c.v. SP with the exception that the increase in tidal volume was less pronounced and inspiratory time/total cycle duration was decreased. When applying the occluded breath technique it was found that maximum pressure indicating inspiratory off-switch threshold mechanisms was increased in vagi-intact animals after SP. Furthermore, SP altered the vagally mediated control of the length of the inspiratory phase and induced a shortening of the bulbopontine setting for inspiratory time. A biphasic circulatory response with an initial depressor effect followed by a slight pressor effect was also seen after i.c.v. SP. It is concluded that SP interacts with the respiratory control system by at least two different mechanisms, bulbopontine time setting and inspiratory off-switch mechanisms. SP may also directly increase central inspiratory activity.

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