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Has Forest Certification Reduced Forest Degradation in Sweden?

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Laura Villalobos
Jessica Coria
Anna Nordén
Publicerad i Land Economics
Volym 94
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 220-238
ISSN 0023-7639
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik, Enheten för miljöekonomi
Göteborgs miljövetenskapliga centrum, GMV
Sidor 220-238
Språk en
Länkar https://muse.jhu.edu/article/690445
Ämnesord forest certification, impact evaluation, sustainable forest management, FSC, PEFC
Ämneskategorier Nationalekonomi

Sammanfattning

This paper estimates the effects of certification of non-industrial private forest owners on forest degradation in Sweden – one of the countries with the largest total area of certified forests. We rely on official forest inventory data, information on certification status, and impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three key environmental outcomes. We find that certification has not halted forest degradation in that it has not improved any of the environmental outcomes. Moreover, for forest certification to have an effect, the standards should be tightened and the monitoring and enforcement of forest certification schemes strengthened.This paper estimates the effects of certification of non-industrial private forest owners on forest degradation in Sweden – one of the countries with the largest total area of certified forests. We rely on official forest inventory data, information on certification status, and impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three key environmental outcomes. We find that certification has not halted forest degradation in that it has not improved any of the environmental outcomes. Moreover, for forest certification to have an effect, the standards should be tightened and the monitoring and enforcement of forest certification schemes strengthened.

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