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Comparison of meal patterns across five European countries using standardized 24-h recall (GloboDiet) data from the EFCOVAL project

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Min Kyung Park
Heinz Freisling
Ena Huseinovic
Anna Winkvist
Inge Huybrechts
Sandra Patricia Crispim
Jeanne H.M. de Vries
Anouk Geelen
Maryse Niekerk
Caroline van Rossum
Nadia Slimani
Publicerad i European Journal of Nutrition
Volym 57
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 1045–1057
ISSN 1436-6207
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition
Sidor 1045–1057
Språk en
Ämnesord Eating frequency, EFCOVAL, Food consumption, GloboDiet/EPIC-Soft, Meal/snack pattern, Snacking
Ämneskategorier Näringslära

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To examine meal patterns in terms of frequency and circadian timing of eating in five European countries participating in the EFCOVAL project. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 559 men and women, aged 44–65 years, were recruited in Belgium, the Czech Republic, France (Southern part), The Netherlands, and Norway. Dietary data were collected by trained interviewers using standardized computerised 24-h recalls (GloboDiet). Means ± SE of (1) eating frequency, (2) overnight fasting, and (3) time between eating occasions were estimated by country using means from 2 days of 24-h recalls. We also estimated the frequency of eating occasions per hour by country as well as the proportional energy intake of meals/snacks by country compared to the mean energy in take of all countries. Results: Mean eating frequency ranged from 4.3 times/day in France to 7.1 times/day in The Netherlands (p < 0.05). Mean overnight fasting was shortest in the Netherlands (9.2 h) and longest in Czech Republic (10.9 h) (p < 0.05). Mean time between single eating occasions was shortest in The Netherlands (2.4 h) and longest in France (4.3 h) (p < 0.05). Different patterns of energy intake by meals and snacks throughout the day were observed across the five countries. Conclusions: We observed distinct differences in meal patterns across the five European countries included in the current study in terms of frequency and circadian timing of eating, and the proportion of energy intake from eating occasions.

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