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Testing Syndromes of Psychopathology in Parent and Youth Ratings Across Societies

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare M.Y Ivanova
T.M. Achenbach
L.A. Rescorla
J. Guo
R.R. Althoff
K-J Kan
Fredrik Almqvist
I van Begovac
Anders Broberg
M Chahed
M.M. da Rocha
A. Dobrean
M. Döephner
N. Erol
E. Fombonne
A.C. Fonseca
M. Forns
A. Frigerio
H. Grietens
N. Hewit-Ramirez
F. Juarez
I. Kajokiene
Y. Kanbayashi
Y-A. Kim
B. Larsson
P. Leung
X. Liu
A. Maggiolini
A. Minaei
P.A.S. Moreira
K.J. Oh
D. Petot
C, Pisa
R. Pomalima
A. Roussos
V. Rudan
M. Sawyer
M. Shahini
E.F dM. Silvares
Z. Simsek
H-C. Steinhausen
L. Szirovicza
J. Valverde
L. Viola
S. Weintraub
C. Winkler Metzke
T. Wolanczyk
B. Woo
E.U. Zhang
N. Zilber
R. Zukauskiené
F.C. Verhulst
Publicerad i Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology
Volym 48
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 596-609
ISSN 1537-4416
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 596-609
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2017.14...
Ämnesord Psychopathology Assessment Child Adolescent
Ämneskategorier Tillämpad psykologi, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

As societies become increasingly diverse, mental health professionals need instruments for assessing emotional, behavioral, and social problems in terms of constructs that are supported within and across societies. Building on decades of research findings, multisample alignment confirmatory factor analyses tested an empirically based 8-syndrome model on parent ratings across 30 societies and youth self-ratings across 19 societies. The Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6–18 and Youth Self-Report for Ages 11–18 were used to measure syndromes descriptively designated as Anxious/ Depressed, Withdrawn/Depressed, Somatic Complaints, Social Problems, Thought Problems, Attention Problems, Rule-Breaking Behavior, and Aggressive Behavior. For both parent ratings (N = 61,703) and self-ratings (N = 29,486), results supported aggregation of problem items into 8 first-order syndromes for all societies (configural invariance), plus the invariance of item loadings (metric invariance) across the majority of societies. Supported across many societies in both parent and self-ratings, the 8 syndromes offer a parsimonious phenotypic taxonomy with clearly operatio- nalized assessment criteria. Mental health professionals in many societies can use the 8 syndromes to assess children and youths for clinical, training, and scientific purposes.

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