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Wearable sensors for clinical applications in epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and stroke: a mixed-methods systematic review

Forskningsöversiktsartikel
Författare Dongni Johansson
Kristina Malmgren
Margit Alt Murphy
Publicerad i Journal of Neurology
Volym 265
Nummer/häfte 8
Sidor 1740–1752
ISSN 0340-5354
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap
Sidor 1740–1752
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-...
Ämnesord Epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Stroke, Systematic review, Wearable sensors
Ämneskategorier Neurologi

Sammanfattning

Objectives: Wearable technology is increasingly used to monitor neurological disorders. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize knowledge from quantitative and qualitative clinical researches using wearable sensors in epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease (PD), and stroke. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed and Scopus spanning from 1995 to January 2017. A synthesis of the main findings, reported adherence to wearables and missing data from quantitative studies, is provided. Clinimetric properties of measures derived from wearables in laboratory, free activities in hospital, and free-living environment were also evaluated. Qualitative thematic synthesis was conducted to explore user experiences and acceptance of wearables. Results: In total, 56 studies (50 reporting quantitative and 6 reporting qualitative data) were included for data extraction and synthesis. Among studies reporting quantitative data, 5 were in epilepsy, 21 PD, and 24 studies in stroke. In epilepsy, wearables are used to detect and differentiate seizures in hospital settings. In PD, the focus is on quantification of cardinal motor symptoms and medication-evoked adverse symptoms in both laboratory and free-living environment. In stroke upper extremity activity, walking and physical activity have been studied in laboratory and during free activities. Three analytic themes emerged from thematic synthesis of studies reporting qualitative data: acceptable integration in daily life, lack of confidence in technology, and the need to consider individualization. Conclusions: Wearables may provide information of clinical features of interest in epilepsy, PD and stroke, but knowledge regarding the clinical utility for supporting clinical decision making remains to be established.

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