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Biogas enterprises: A chance or a challenge for rural development?

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Justyna Chodkowska-Miszczuk
Jadwiga Biegańska
Stanislav Martinat
Mirek Dymitrow
Krzysztof Rogatka
Publicerad i 5th Nordic Conference for Rural Research: “Challenged ruralities: Nordic welfare states under pressure”, 14–16 May, 2018, Vingsted, Denmark
ISBN 978-87-7903-792-2
Förlag University of Copenhagen – Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management
Förlagsort Copenhagen
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Kulturgeografi
Mistra Urban Futures
Språk en
Länkar ruralities.org/wp-content/uploads/2...
Ämnesord biogas enterprises, embeddedness, rural areas
Ämneskategorier Lantbrukets arbetsmiljö och säkerhet, Lantbruksvetenskap, skogsbruk och fiske, Förnyelsebar bioenergi, Kulturgeografi

Sammanfattning

This paper addresses the question whether biogas plants (businesses based on renewable energy) often marketed as a great opportunity for rural development can at the same time pose a hidden challenge. Departing from the concept of embeddedness of enterprises in the local environment, our objective is realized with the help of two models of biogas plants. In the first model, biogas plants operate as an integral part of agricultural farms (biogas on-farm model); in the second model, they operate as independent companies established through investments by external entrepreneurs (biogas off-farm model). The two models have proven to affect the economies of particular biogas enterprises very differently. In the first model, the support of existing agricultural farms is of great importance as those usually are important for local stakeholders. In the second model, biogas plants that emerge as new external investments must build interactions with local entities from scratch. From an economic point of view, the lack of functioning mechanisms in this sense may influence further directions of development for many rural areas traditionally associated with agriculture.

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