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Decreasing mortality and changes in treatment patterns in patients with acromegaly from a nationwide study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Daniela Esposito
Oskar Ragnarsson
D. Granfeldt
T. Marlow
Gudmundur Johannsson
Daniel S Olsson
Publicerad i European Journal of Endocrinology
Volym 178
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 459-469
ISSN 0804-4643
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition
Sidor 459-469
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-18-0015
Ämnesord human growth hormone, acromegaly, adenoma, adult, aged, clinical practice, cohort analysis, female, follow up, growth hormone secreting adenoma, health care survey, human, hypopituitarism, male, middle aged, mortality, multimodality cancer therapy, pathophysiology, population dynamics, prevalence, register, secretion (process), sex factor, Sweden, trends, Cohort Studies, Combined Modality Therapy, Follow-Up Studies, Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma, Health Care Surveys, Health Transition, Humans, Practice Patterns, Physicians', Registries, Sex Factors
Ämneskategorier Endokrinologi

Sammanfattning

Context: New therapeutic strategies have developed for the management of acromegaly over recent decades. Whether this has improved mortality has not been fully elucidated. Objective: The primary aim was to investigate mortality in a nationwide unselected cohort of patients with acromegaly. Secondary analyses included time trends in mortality and treatment patterns. Design: A total of 1089 patients with acromegaly were identified in Swedish National Health Registries between 1987 and 2013. To analyse time trends, the cohort was divided into three periods (1987–1995, 1996–2004 and 2005–2013) based on the year of diagnosis. Main outcome measures: Using the Swedish population as reference, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Overall SMR was 2.79 (95% CI: 2.43–3.15) with 232 observed and 83 expected deaths. Mortality was mainly related to circulatory diseases (SMR: 2.95, 95% CI: 2.35–3.55), including ischemic heart disease (2.00, 1.35–2.66) and cerebrovascular disease (3.99, 2.42–5.55) and malignancy (1.76, 1.27–2.26). Mortality decreased over time, with an SMR of 3.45 (2.87–4.02) and 1.86 (1.04–2.67) during the first and last time period, respectively (P=.015). During the same time periods, the frequency of pituitary surgery increased from 58% to 72% (P<0.001) and the prevalence of hypopituitarism decreased from 41% to 23% (P<0.001). Conclusions: Excess mortality was found in this nationwide cohort of patients with acromegaly, mainly related to circulatory and malignant diseases. Although still high, mortality significantly declined over time. This could be explained by the more frequent use of pituitary surgery, decreased prevalence of hypopituitarism and the availability of new medical treatment options. © 2018 European Society of Endocrinology Printed in Great Britain.

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