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Self-Reported Weight-Loss Methods and Weight Change: Ten-Year Analysis in the Swedish Obese Subjects Study Control Group

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Edit Zenténius
Johanna C. Andersson-Assarsson
Lena M S Carlsson
Per-Arne Svensson
Ingrid Larsson
Publicerad i Obesity
Volym 26
Nummer/häfte 7
Sidor 1137-1143
ISSN 1930-7381
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Sidor 1137-1143
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1002/oby.22200
Ämnesord life-style interventions, long-term persistence, bariatric surgery, loss, maintenance, physical-activity, control registry, management, health, adults, care, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Nutrition & Dietetics
Ämneskategorier Allmän medicin

Sammanfattning

ObjectiveThe Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study was designed to compare outcomes in patients with obesity treated by bariatric surgery and a matched control group given usual care. The aim of this study was to analyze self-reported weight-loss methods and weight changes over 10 years in the SOS control group. MethodsSelf-reported weight-loss methods in the control group (n=2,037; 71% women; 48.76.3 years; BMI 40.14.7 kg/m(2)) were analyzed at baseline and after 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 10 years of follow-up and studied in relation to weight changes. ResultsThe average 10-year weight change was +2.1% (95% CI: 1.4%-2.8%). At every follow-up, 82.7% (95% CI: 81.3%-84.1%) of participants reported weight-loss attempts. At 10 years, 12.5% of the participants had10% weight loss and 22.3% had10% weight gain. Participants who lost or gained weight reported similar usage of weight-loss methods. ConclusionsOver 10 years, the majority of the participants of the SOS control group reported continuous efforts to lose weight. These results illustrate the constant struggle individuals with severe obesity are facing and that, on average, the results of long-term weight loss and weight maintenance were discouraging.

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