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Depression predicts interpersonal problems partially through the attitude towards social touch

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Chantal Triscoli
I. Croy
U. Sailer
Publicerad i Journal of Affective Disorders
Volym 246
Sidor 234-240
ISSN 0165-0327
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 234-240
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.05...
Ämnesord Depression, Interpersonal problems, Attitude towards social touch, Dislike of physical touch, maternal touch, adolescents, anxiety, disorders, risk, inventory, anhedonia, etiology, deficits, impact, Neurosciences & Neurology, Psychiatry
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskaper, Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

Introduction: : Depression is associated with difficulties in interpersonal relationships, of which communication is an integral part. Communication can not only be effected by verbal means, but also non-verbally by touch. Against this background, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between depression, interpersonal problems and the attitude towards social touch. Methods: : 147 individuals (115 females; 21-71 years old) seeking treatment in a clinic for outpatient psychotherapy took part in the survey. Three questionnaires evaluating the level of depression (Beck Depression Questionnaire), the degree of interpersonal problems (Inventory of Interpersonal Problems) and the attitude towards social touch (Social Touch Questionnaire, were administered. Results: : Highly depressed individuals had a more negative attitude towards social touch than non-to lowly depressed individuals. Highly depressed individuals particularly reported to dislike physical touch by not well-known people, but not by close ones. Highly depressed individuals also reported more interpersonal problems, with the level of depression predicting the degree of interpersonal problems. This relationship was partially mediated by the attitude towards social touch in general and, to a greater extent, by the dislike of physical touch by people not well-known in particular. Discussion: : Given the role of social touch in the relationship between depression and interpersonal problems, the attitude towards touch may be taken into consideration in the therapy of depressed patients. We assume that a more positive attitude towards social touch can influence the ability to create and maintain interpersonal relationships.

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