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Involuntary and Delayed Retirement as a Possible Health Risk for Lower Educated Retirees

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Stefanie König
Magnus Lindwall
Boo Johansson
Publicerad i Journal of Population Ageing
Volym 12
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 475-489
ISSN 1874-7884
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Centrum för åldrande och hälsa (AgeCap)
Sidor 475-489
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/s12062-018-...
Ämnesord Health, Social inequalities, Retirement timing, Involuntary retirement, Sweden
Ämneskategorier Sociologi, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Recent changes in the pension system may contribute to larger social inequalities and more involuntary late retirement transitions due to financial need. Lower educated workers may have less control over their retirement and may need to stay in the labour market despite poor health. How different aspects of the retirement transitions are related to post-retirement health is unclear. This study investigates health differences across educational levels among 1280 retirees participating in the ‘Health, Ageing and Retirement Transitions in Sweden’ (HEARTS) study. Retirement age and involuntary reasons for retirement were considered as potential mediator and moderators of the social gradient in health outcomes. Results from a path analysis suggest that lower educated retirees are more likely to stop working for physical reasons, which is related to poor post-retirement health. Hence, involuntary retirement mediates the educational effect on health. Linear regressions highlighted the moderating effect of retirement age: lower educated retirees had worse health than higher educated retirees when their transitions were late. Hence, the double disadvantage of lower educated individuals becomes apparent. This study contributes to explaining possible mechanisms of rising health inequalities by focusing on aspects of retirement.

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