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COMPANY WELFARE PROGRAMMES AND INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION IN FINLAND

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Susanna Fellman
Publicerad i Scandinavian Journal of History
Volym 44
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 665-692
ISSN 0346-8755
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Ekonomisk historia
Sidor 665-692
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1080/03468755.2019.15841...
Ämnesord industrial paternalism, modernization of management, welfare capitalism, welfarism
Ämneskategorier Historia och arkeologi, Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Prior to the modern welfare state, many large companies provided extensive welfare programmes for their employees. In this article, such welfare programmes–or corporate welfarism–in Finnish manufacturing firms in the early 20th century are the focus of attention. I analyse the content of these programmes and how they changed over time as part of the modernization and professionalization of management and industrial and societal change. I also discuss how company managers perceived the role of welfare provisions in corporate development and what happened with these programmes when the first steps towards the modern welfare state were taken. I show that these programmes started as a necessity and part of industrial paternalism, but gradually became part of labour management, in particular for the creation of a loyal workforce and productivity improvements. These programmes often developed in collaboration with local municipalities, which led to intertwined relationships at the local level, marked by both trust and tension in local communities. Once general welfare reforms emerged, companies often abandoned their voluntary programmes, while some services were taken over by the municipalities. I also ask to what extent these programmes were managerial strategies to counteract growing state involvement in their affairs.

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