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Knowledge and practice of pregnant women and health care workers on hepatitis B prevention in the Limbe and Muyuka health districts of the south west region of Cameroon

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Brenda Mbouamba Yankam
Cho Sebastine Anye
Ngwayu Claude Nkfusai
Joyce Shirinde
Samuel Nambile Cumber
Publicerad i Pan African Medical Journal
Volym 33
Nummer/häfte 310
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2019....
www.panafrican-med-journal.com/cont...
Ämnesord Hepatitis B virus, pregnant women, health care workers, risk factors, knowledge, practice, South West Region, Cameroon
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper, Medicinska grundvetenskaper, Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

Introduction: hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem worldwide owing to its high prevalence and significant morbidity and mortality. There are about 2 billion people living with HBV worldwide and over 360 million chronic carriers. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and practices of pregnant women and health care workers in the ANC and maternity units on HBV infection and its transmission. Methods: about 270 women attending ANC and 31 health care workers were selected by convenience sampling. They were evaluated using a structured questionnaire to assess their knowledge and practices on HBV prevention and transmission. Results: pregnant women in the Limbe Health District demonstrated good knowledge but adopted poor practices whereas in the Muyuka Health District, pregnant women demonstrated poor knowledge and adopted poor practices regarding the mode of transmission and prevention of HBV infection. Health care workers in both the Limbe and Muyuka Health Districts however, demonstrated good knowledge and adopted good practices. Conclusion: there was a significant relationship between the knowledge and practice of pregnant women and health care workers on Hepatitis B prevention in the Muyuka Health District (P = 0.0006).

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