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Gender-dependent evaluation of football as medicine for prediabetes

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Magni Mohr
M. B. Skoradal
T. R. Andersen
P. Krustrup
Publicerad i European Journal of Applied Physiology
Volym 119
Nummer/häfte 9
Sidor 2011-2024
ISSN 1439-6319
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 2011-2024
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04188...
Ämnesord Soccer, VO2peak, Fat percentage, Blood pressure, Cholesterol, Cardiometabolic fitness, androgen deprivation therapy, cardiovascular risk-factors, recreational, football, body-composition, prostate-cancer, physical-activity, glucose, control, marker profile, health, exercise, Physiology, Sport Sciences
Ämneskategorier Idrottsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

Purpose Training intensity and health effects of football were investigated gender specifically in individuals with prediabetes. Methods Participants with prediabetes (age 60 +/- 6 years) were randomised into a football and dietary advice group (FD-men n = 13 and FD-women n = 14) or a dietary advice only group (D-men n = 12 and D-women n = 11). FD performed football training (twice/week for 16 weeks), while both groups received dietary advice. Body composition, bone variables, blood pressure, blood lipid profile and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) were determined pre- and post-intervention. Results Mean heart rate during football training was 79 +/- 2 and 80 +/- 3% HRmax for FD-men and FD-women, respectively, with peak heart rate values of 96 +/- 1 and 97 +/- 2% HRmax, with no gender differences. VO2peak increased more (P < 0.05) in FD-men and FD-women than in D-men and D-women. However, relative delta change in VO2peak was 21 +/- 14% in FD-women, which was greater (P < 0.05) than in FD-men (11 +/- 12%). Reduction in SBP and DBP, respectively, was similar in FD-men (- 10.8 +/- 13.0 and - 7.3 +/- 11.8 mmHg) and FD-women (- 11.3 +/- 11.0 and - 7.1 +/- 6.2 mmHg), with within-gender differences for men. Total plasma cholesterol and LDL cholesterol decreased (P < 0.05) by - 0.7 +/- 1.1 and - 0.5 +/- 0.9 mmol L-1, respectively, in FD-women and - 0.2 +/- 0.4 and - 0.2 +/- 0.3 mmol L-1 in FD-men, with no significant gender differences (P = 0.08). Body fat content was lowered (P < 0.05) by 3 and 4%-points in FD-men and FD-women, respectively. Conclusion Gender-mixed football training combined with dietary advice causes broad-spectrum health effects for men and women with prediabetes, with minor gender-specific differences. Thus, the intensity and training-induced effects of football training are also high for elderly women with prediabetes.

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