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Bone Marrow Absorbed Doses and Correlations with Hematologic Response During Lu-177-DOTATATE Treatments Are Influenced by Image-Based Dosimetry Method and Presence of Skeletal Metastases

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Linn Hagmarker
Johanna Svensson
Tobias Rydén
M. van Essen
A. Sundlov
K. S. Gleisner
P. Gjertsson
Peter Bernhardt
Publicerad i Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volym 60
Nummer/häfte 10
Sidor 1406-1413
ISSN 0161-5505
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för radiofysik
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för onkologi
Sidor 1406-1413
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.118.22523...
Ämnesord bone marrow dosimetry, hematologic response, Lu-177-DOTATATE, receptor radionuclide therapy, neuroendocrine tumors, feasibility, kidney, prrt, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
Ämneskategorier Cancer och onkologi, Hematologi

Sammanfattning

This study aimed to compare different image-based methods for bone marrow dosimetry and study the dose-response relationship during treatment with Lu-177-DOTATATE in patients with and without skeletal metastases. Methods: This study included 46 patients with advanced neuroendocrine tumors treated with at least 2 fractions of Lu-177-DOTATATE at Sahlgrenska University Hospital. High- and low-uptake compartments were automatically outlined in planar images collected at 2, 24, 48, and 168 h after injection. The bone marrow absorbed doses were calculated from the cross doses of the high- and low-uptake compartments and the self-dose, using the time-activity concentration curve for the low-uptake compartment. This time-activity concentration curve was adjusted using a fixed constant of 1.8 for the planar dosimetry method and using the activity concentrations in vertebral bodies in SPECT images at 24 h after injection of Lu-177-DOTATATE in 4 hybrid methods: L4-SPECT used the activity concentration in the L4 vertebra, whereas V-SPECT, L-SPECT, and T-SPECT used the median activity concentration in all visible vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, and thoracic vertebrae, respectively. Results: Using the planar method, L4-SPECT, V-SPECT, L-SPECT, and T-SPECT, the estimated median bone marrow absorbed doses were 0.19, 0.36, 0.40, 0.39, and 0.46 Gy/7.4 GBq, respectively, with respective ranges of 0.12-0.33, 0.15-1.44, 0.19-1.71, 0.21-1.60, and 0.18-2.12 Gy/7.4 GBq. For all methods, the bone marrow absorbed dose significantly correlated with decreased platelet counts. This correlation increased after treatment fraction 2: the Spearman correlation (r(s)) were -0.49 for the planar method, -0.61 for L4-SPECT, -0.63 for V-SPECT, -0.63 for L-SPECT, and -0.57 for T-SPECT. A separate analysis revealed an increased correlation for patients without skeletal metastases using the planar method (r(s) = -0.67). In contrast, hybrid methods had poor correlations for patients without metastases and stronger correlations for patients with skeletal metastases (r(s) = -0.61 to -0.74). The mean bone marrow absorbed doses were 3%-69% higher for patients with skeletal metastases than for patients without. Conclusion: The estimated bone marrow absorbed doses by image-based techniques and the correlation with platelets are influenced by the choice of measured vertebrae and the presence of skeletal metastases.

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