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Important work demands for reducing sickness absence among workers with neck or upper back pain: a prospective cohort study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Stefan Oliv
Ewa Gustafsson
Adnan Noor Baloch
Mats Hagberg
Helena Sandén
Publicerad i BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volym 20
Nummer/häfte 1
ISSN 1471-2474
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2909-...
Ämnesord Work ability, WAI, Occupation, Occupational health, 2000-2010 task-force, risk-factors, health-problems, ability index, associations, burden, women, bone, productivity, determinants, Orthopedics, Rheumatology
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi, Yrkesmedicin, Reumatologi och inflammation

Sammanfattning

Background The aim of this study was to investigate what exposure to work demands, physical and psychosocial, is associated with lower levels of sickness absence among workers with neck or upper back pain in different groups, by age, gender, duration of sickness absence and work ability score. Methods This study was a prospective study of 4567 workers with neck or upper back pain. Data on neck or upper back pain, work demand and work ability were obtained from the Swedish Work Environment survey over a 3-year period (2009-2013). Register data on sickness absence, 1 year after each survey was conducted, were obtained from the Swedish health insurance database. Analyses were performed to estimate the association between self-reported work demands and registered sick days > 14 days. The analyses were stratified for gender, age group and work ability score. Results Lower numbers of sick days were found for workers reporting low exposure to lifting >= 15 kg and twisted or forward-leaning work postures. Lower numbers of sick days were found for workers reporting high work control and seated work. The associations were generally stronger in the older age groups for the physical work demands. Conclusions The findings in this study suggest that certain physical work demands and having high control over one's work can result in lower sickness absence, especially among middle-aged and older workers with neck or upper back pain.

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