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Empowering Empirical Research in Software Design: Construction and Studies on a Large-Scale Corpus of UML Models

Doktorsavhandling
Författare Truong Ho-Quang
Datum för examination 2019-10-09
ISBN 978-91-7833-609-8
Förlag Göteborgs universitet
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik (GU)
Språk en
Länkar hdl.handle.net/2077/61704
Ämnesord Software Modeling, Software Design, Empirical Research, UML, Modeling Practices, Impacts of Modeling, Open Source System, Mining Software Repository, Data Mining, Data Curation, GitHub
Ämneskategorier Programvaruteknik

Sammanfattning

Context: In modern software development, software modeling is considered to be an essential part of the software architecture and design activities. The Unified Modeling Language (UML) has become the de facto standard for software modeling in industry. Surprisingly, there are only a few empirical studies on the practices and impacts of UML modeling in software development. This is mainly due to the lack of empirical data on real-life software systems that use UML modeling. Objective: This PhD thesis contributes to this matter by describing a method to build and curate a big corpus of open-source-software (OSS) projects that contain UML models. Subsequently, this thesis offers observations on the practices and impacts of using UML modeling in these OSS projects. Method: We combine techniques from repository mining and image classification in order to successfully identify more than 24.000 open source projects on GitHub that together contain more than 93.000 UML models. Machine learning techniques are also used to enrich the corpus with annotations. Finally, various empirical studies, including a case study, a user study, a large-scale survey and an experiment, have been carried out across this set of projects. Result: The results show that UML is generally perceived to be helpful to new contributors. The most important motivation for using UML seems to be to facilitate collaboration. In particular, teams use UML during communication and planning of joint implementation efforts. Our study also shows that the use of UML modeling has a positive impact on software quality, i.e. it correlates with lower defect proneness. Further, we find out that visualisation of design concepts, such as class role-stereotypes, helps developers to perform better in software comprehension tasks.

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