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Technology Industries

Kapitel i bok
Författare Martin Henning
Claes G. Alvstam
Publicerad i International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2nd Edition, Vol. 13.
Sidor 199-205
ISBN 9780081022955
Förlag Elsevier
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Centre for International Business Studies
Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation
Sidor 199-205
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-1...
Ämnesord Artificial intelligence, Clusters, Evolutionary economic geography, Diffusion of technology, Industry 4.0, Process technology, Product technology, Research & development, Schumpeter Joseph, Technological capability, Technological innovation, Technology diffusion, Technology industries, Technology transfer.
Ämneskategorier Ekonomisk geografi

Sammanfattning

The concept of technology in economic geography refers to how knowledge in its broad sense adds value of a manufactured or a service product within the value chain of a company and how the availability and accessibility of knowledge may enhance the competitive edge of an economic actor and thus affects the spatial pattern of production and consumption. The economic geography literature dealing with technology industries is diverse and deals with different theoretical and empirical contexts. Technological innovation can, in this context, be viewed upon as a learning process, within which knowledge is continuously accumulated, developed, and diffused. The technology concept can cover every aspect from simple and routine procedures on the shop-floor level to advanced and complex operations within a production system. The technology factor has changed the basic theoretical assumptions in economic geography over time due to its time-space shrinking impact, for example, the decreasing costs to move raw materials, manufactured products, and ideas over longer distances and the opportunity to decrease the friction of distance within many service sectors. Also, transfer of technology between firms and between regions and countries is seen to be a decisive factor in understanding economic growth and industrial transformation in developing countries.

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