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Sensitivity of radar altimeter waveform to changes in sea ice type at resolution of Synthetic Aperture Radar

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Wiebke Aldenhoff
Céline Heuzé
Leif E.B. Eriksson
Publicerad i Remote Sensing
Volym 11
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper
Språk en
Länkar https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/11/2...
Ämnesord Altimetry, SAR, Sea ice
Ämneskategorier Fjärranalys, Multidisciplinär geovetenskap, Fysisk geografi

Sammanfattning

Radar altimetry in the context of sea ice has mostly been exploited to retrieve basin-scale information about sea ice thickness. In this paper, we investigate the sensitivity of altimetric waveforms to small-scale changes (a few hundred meters to about 10 km) of the sea ice surface. Near-coincidental synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery and CryoSat-2 altimetric data in the Beaufort Sea are used to identify and study the spatial evolution of altimeter waveforms over these features. Open water and thin ice features are easily identified because of their high peak power waveforms. Thicker ice features such as ridges and multiyear ice floes of a few hundred meters cause a response in the waveform. However, these changes are not reflected in freeboard estimates. Retrieval of robust freeboard estimates requires homogeneous floes in the order of 10 km along-track and a few kilometers to both sides across-track. We conclude that the combination of SAR imagery and altimeter data could improve the local sea ice picture by extending spatially scarce freeboard estimates to regions of similar SAR signature.

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