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Violence against children in Latin America and the Caribbean: What do available data reveal about prevalence and perpetrators?

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Karen Devries
Katherine G Merrill
Louise Knight
Sarah Bott
Alessandra Guedes
Betzabe Butron-Riveros
Constanza Hege
Max Petzold
Amber Peterman
Claudia Cappa
Lauren Maxwell
Abigail Williams
Sunita Kishor
Naeemah Abrahams
Publicerad i Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health
Volym 43
Sidor e66
ISSN 1680-5348
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för hälsometri
Sidor e66
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2019.66
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

To describe the prevalence of recent physical, sexual, and emotional violence against children 0 - 19 years of age in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) by age, sex, and perpetrator.A systematic review and analysis of published literature and large international datasets was conducted. Eligible sources from first record to December 2015 contained age-, sex-, and perpetrator-specific data from LAC. Random effects meta-regressions were performed, adjusting for relevant quality covariates and differences in violence definitions.Seventy-two surveys (2 publications and 70 datasets) met inclusion criteria, representing 1 449 estimates from 34 countries. Prevalence of physical and emotional violence by caregivers ranged from 30% - 60%, and decreased with increasing age. Prevalence of physical violence by students (17% - 61%) declined with age, while emotional violence remained constant (60% - 92%). Prevalence of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) ranged from 13% - 18% for girls aged 15 - 19 years. Few or no eligible past-year estimates were available for any violence against children less than 9 years and boys 16 - 19 years of age; sexual violence against boys (any age) and girls (under 15 years); IPV except for girls aged 15 - 19 years; and violence by authority figures (e.g., teachers) or via gangs/organized crime.Past-year physical and emotional violence by caregivers and students is widespread in LAC across all ages in childhood, as is IPV against girls aged 15 - 19 years. Data collection must be expanded in LAC to monitor progress towards the sustainable development goals, develop effective prevention and response strategies, and shed light on violence relating to organized crime/gangs.

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