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Oligosynaptic excitation of motoneurones by impulses in group Ia muscle spindle afferents in the cat

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Elzbieta Jankowska
David McCrea
Robert Mackel
Publicerad i The Journal of Physiology
Volym 316
Sidor 411-425
ISSN 00223751
Publiceringsår 1981
Publicerad vid Fysiologiska institutionen
Sidor 411-425
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Medicinska grundvetenskaper

Sammanfattning

1. Intracellular recording from hind‐limb motoneurones was used to investigate whether di‐ and trisynaptic (oligosynaptic) excitatory post‐synaptic potentials (e.p.s.p.s) are evoked from group Ia muscle spindle afferents in those motoneurones in which such potentials are evoked from Ib tendon organ afferents or entire group I afferents. Ia afferents of triceps surae and plantaris were activated either selectively by single brief stretches of these muscles, or together with Ib afferents by electrical stimuli applied to the nerves. 2. Muscle stretches below threshold for Ib afferents (10‐35 μm) evoked e.p.s.p.s which appeared with latencies compatible with disynaptic and trisynaptic coupling between the afferents and the motoneurones. The latencies of a majority of these e.p.s.p.s were too short to allow their mediation by group II afferents, if any were activated by the applied stretches. They were also too short to be compatible with effects attributable to dorsal root reflexes. These e.p.s.p.s are thus attributed to oligosynaptic actions of Ia afferents. 3. Stretch‐evoked di‐ and trisynaptic Ia e.p.s.p.s were found in 83% of motoneurones in which e.p.s.p.s were evoked by stimuli which activated both Ia and Ib afferents; in five motoneurone species they were found in more than 90%. These observations lead to the conclusion that group Ia muscle spindle afferents evoke not only inhibitory but also excitatory actions in parallel with group Ib tendon organ afferents. 4. The distribution of Ia oligosynaptic stretch‐evoked excitation from ankle and toe extensor muscles was compared with the distribution of Ia non‐reciprocal inhibition as described by Jankowska, McCrea & Mackel (1981b). Excitation pre‐dominated in posterior biceps—semitendinosus motoneurones and inhibition in other species of motoneurones investigated, except those of intrinsic foot muscles (tibial motoneurones); similar proportions of the latter showed excitation and inhibition. 5. Occurrence of oligosynaptic e.p.s.p.s as well as inhibitory post‐synaptic potentials (i.p.s.p.s) of Ia origin in some motoneurone species, and in particular in individual motoneurones, is indicative of a number of reflex pathways between group I afferents and these motoneurones. Furthermore, the disappearance of some of the e.p.s.p.s evoked by near‐threshold electrical stimulation following stronger stimuli indicates interactions between various functional groups of interneurones mediating group I actions. © 1981 The Physiological Society

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