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Pattern of ‘non‐reciprocal’ inhibition of motoneurones by impulses in group Ia muscle spindle afferents in the cat

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Elzbieta Jankowska
David McCrea
Robert Mackel
Publicerad i The Journal of Physiology
Volym 316
Sidor 393-409
ISSN 00223751
Publiceringsår 1981
Publicerad vid Fysiologiska institutionen
Sidor 393-409
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Medicinska grundvetenskaper

Sammanfattning

1. Inhibitory post‐synaptic potentials (i.p.s.p.s) evoked by adequate stimulation of group Ia muscle spindle afferents of triceps surae and plantaris and by near‐threshold electrical stimulation of quadriceps and hamstring nerves were recorded in a number of motoneurone species. The aim of the study was to compare the pattern of non‐reciprocal Ia inhibitory actions on hind‐limb motoneurones with the pattern of inhibition evoked from group Ib tendon organ afferents. 2. In all the motoneurone species analysed in which i.p.s.p.s were evoked by electrical stimulation maximal for both group Ia and Ib afferents of triceps surae and plantaris, they were also evoked when these muscles were stretched and the amplitude of the stretch (10‐35 μm) was below threshold for Ib afferents; 70‐100% of motoneurones with Ib i.p.s.p.s showed stretch‐evoked i.p.s.p.s. The stretch‐evoked i.p.s.p.s appeared with latencies compatible with disynaptic and trisynaptic linkage. Since these latencies were too short to allow their mediation by group II afferents the i.p.s.p.s are attributed to a selective action of Ia afferents. The i.p.s.p.s did not appear after the nerves to triceps surae and plantaris had been cut. 3. Electrical stimulation of quadriceps and hamstring nerves which was near threshold for Ia afferents and well below threshold for either the Ib component of the incoming volley or group II afferents, similarly evoked non‐reciprocal i.p.s.p.s. They were found in those motoneurones in which inhibition was evoked by stimulation maximal for group I afferents. Such Ia i.p.s.p.s were evoked both in homonymous motoneurones and in motoneurones of four other hind‐limb muscles. Their latencies corresponded to di‐ and trisynaptic coupling. 4. In some motoneurones of the pretibial flexors (anterior tibial, extensor digitorum longus and peroneus longus), disynaptic i.p.s.p.s evoked from triceps surae and/or plantaris which were depressed by a conditioning ventral root stimulation (i.e. Ia reciprocal i.p.s.p.s) were followed by trisynaptic i.p.s.p.s which were not depressed in this way (Ia ‘non‐reciprocal’ i.p.s.p.s). It thus appears that the same motoneurones may be inhibited by impulses in group Ia afferents via different spinal pathways. 5. The study leads to the conclusion that the non‐reciprocal inhibition from group Ia muscle spindle afferents operates in parallel with the inhibition from group Ib tendon organ afferents in all motoneurone species tested. © 1981 The Physiological Society

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