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Social versus financial performance of microfinance: Bangladesh perspective

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Mohammad Aslam
Senthil Kumar
Shahryar Sorooshian
Publicerad i Research in World Economy
Volym 10
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 263-272
ISSN 19233981
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Företagsekonomiska institutionen
Sidor 263-272
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.5430/rwe.v10n3p2...
Ämnesord Financial sustainability, Microfinance, Panel Data Analysis, Social outreach
Ämneskategorier Annan samhällsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

© 2019, Sciedu Press. Microfinance is a tool designed for poverty alleviation by providing financial services more specifically small credit to the poor household for income generating activities. One of the better ways to help poor people for poverty alleviation is through giving them financial services that cannot be done in traditional banking system. However, there is a big question whether it is possible to provide those services for a financial institution without being sustainable financially. How far it can go with free lunch that is depending on donors' fluid. These two patterns place microfinance at the intersection. One may wonder whether the microfinance compromises a trade-offbetween serving the poor as social objective and attaining financial sustainability as financial objective. If microfinance institute wishes to get financial sustainability through profit maximization rather ignoring intended social objective of alleviating poverty, than it loses its momentum and becomes like other traditional financial institute. Fulfilling social objective with financial sustainability will be the optimum outcome of microfinance. Microfinance has been pioneered primarily in Bangladesh and later replicated in rest of the world. By this time, over 33 million of clients are being served (with various financial and non-financial services by over 700 registered microfinance institute in Bangladesh. This study intent to measure the social outreach versus financial sustainability of microfinance institute in Bangladesh through panel data analysis. To do this, we have analyzed the relationship between financial performance and depth of outreach of top 20 microfinance institutes of Bangladesh from 2015 to 2017. Our results show that the relationship is positive or neutral in some cases. Therefore, microfinance in Bangladesh has been attaining both social and financial objectives and there appears no mission drift.

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