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Personalized approach to growth hormone replacement in adults.

Forskningsöversiktsartikel
Författare Christa C van Bunderen
Camilla A M Glad
Gudmundur Johannsson
Daniel S Olsson
Publicerad i Archives of endocrinology and metabolism
Volym 63
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 592-600
ISSN 2359-4292
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition
Sidor 592-600
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Endokrinologi

Sammanfattning

Growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) in adults is well-characterized and includes abnormal body composition, reduced bone mass, an adverse cardiovascular risk profile, and impaired quality of life. In the early 1990s, it was also shown that patients with hypopituitarism without GH replacement therapy (GHRT) had excess mortality. Today, GHRT has been shown to decrease or reverse the negative effects of GHD. In addition, recent papers have shown that mortality and morbidity are approaching normal in hypopituitary patients with GHD who receive modern endocrine therapy including GHRT. Since the first dose-finding studies, it has been clear that efficacy and side effects differ substantially between patients. Many factors have been suggested as affecting responsiveness, such as sex, age, age at GHD onset, adherence, and GH receptor polymorphisms, with sex and sex steroid replacement having the greatest impact. Therefore, the individual tailoring of GH dose is of great importance to achieve sufficient efficacy without side effects. One group that stands out is women receiving oral estrogen replacement, who needs the highest dose. Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is still the most used biochemical biomarker for GH dose titration, although the best serum IGF-1 target is still debated. Patients with GHD due to acromegaly, Cushing's disease, or craniopharyngioma experience similar effects from GHRT as others. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2019;63(6):592-600.

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