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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders from childhood to adulthood: A Swedish population-based naturalistic cohort study of adoptees from Eastern Europe

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Valdemar Landgren
L. Svensson
Emelie Gyllencreutz
Eva Aring
Marita Andersson Grönlund
Magnus Landgren
Publicerad i BMJ Open
Volym 9
Nummer/häfte 10
ISSN 2044-6055
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Gillbergcentrum
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032...
Ämnesord adoption, attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, fetal alcohol syndrome, mental retardation, motor skills disorders
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskaper, Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

Background Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a global health concern. To further understand FASD in adulthood is a major public health interest. Objective To describe the clinical characteristics of young adults with FASD adopted from orphanages to a socially more favourable and stable rearing environment as children. Design Prospective observational cohort study Setting Western Sweden Participants A population-based cohort of 37 adoptees diagnosed with FASD in childhood. Outcome measures Assessment consisted of clinical evaluations of social, medical, psychiatric, neuropsychological, adaptive and ophthalmological status by a physician, ophthalmologist, orthoptist and psychologist. Results Out of 37 adoptees with FASD, 36 (15 females) were evaluated at a median age of 22 years (range 18-28) and a mean follow-up time of 15.5 years (range 13-17). Twenty (56%) were dependent on social support. Sexual victimisation was reported by nine (26%). In 21 individuals with fetal alcohol syndrome, growth restriction in height and head circumference of approximately -1.8 SD persisted into adulthood. Of 32 examined, 22 (69%) had gross motor coordination abnormalities. High blood pressure was measured in nine (28%). Ophthalmological abnormalities were found in 29 of 30 (97%). A median IQ of 86 in childhood had declined significantly to 71 by adulthood (mean difference: 15.5; 95% CI 9.5-21.4). Psychiatric disorders were diagnosed in 88%, most commonly attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (70%). Three or more disorders were diagnosed in 48%, and 21% had attempted suicide. The median Clinical Global Impression-Severity score was 6 = severely ill'. Conclusion Major cognitive impairments, psychiatric morbidity, facial dysmorphology, growth restriction and ophthalmological abnormalities accompanies FASD in adulthood. Recognition of FASD in childhood warrants habilitation across the lifespan. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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