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Social Assistance Receipt Among Young Adults Who Grow Up in Different Neighborhoods of Metropolitan Sweden

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Björn Gustafsson
Katarina Katz
Torun Österberg
Publicerad i Poverty & Public Policy
Volym 11
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 302-324
ISSN 1944-2858
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för socialt arbete
Sidor 302-324
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1002/pop4.264
Ämnesord Neighborhood effects, Intergenerational correlations, Visible minorities, Sweden, Social assistance
Ämneskategorier Utbildningsvetenskap, Social och ekonomisk geografi, Nationalekonomi, Socialt arbete

Sammanfattning

Using large samples of persons born in 1985, we investigate the relationship between characteristics of the neighborhood where young people lived as adolescents and the probability that they will receive social assistance when aged 19, 20, and 21, for the three Swedish metropolitan regions—Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Malmö. We estimated logistic regressions separately for the majority population and “visible immigrants” and included several characteristics of the neighborhood and of the parental home in the specification. The probability of social assistance receipt as a young adult is strongly positively linked to social assistance receipt in the parental home and to several other factors. The major result is that the association with social assistance receipt in the neighborhood where a person lived at age 16 remains strong when parental receipt and a number of other neighborhood characteristics are controlled for.We conclude that measures to increase the education qualifications and various efforts to create jobs for young adults have the potential to decrease social assistance receipt among young adults. In addition, there is also room for spatially focused measures aiming to reduce residential segregation and the demand for social assistance in locations with a comparably high rate of social assistance receipt.

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