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The impact of a road safety policy implementation within an international organization

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lovisa Dandebo
Lennart Dimberg
J. Goldoni Laestadius
Publicerad i Journal of Public Health-Heidelberg
Sidor 6
ISSN 2198-1833
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Sidor 6
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-020-01202...
Ämnesord Road traffic crashes, Policy, Epidemiology, driver, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

Aim This study was performed within an international organization (IO), headquartered in Washington, D.C. The employees are facing great risks during their missions abroad, where developing countries are the most common travel destination. The IO conducted a staff road safety survey in 2008 and based a road safety policy on the results of this survey. In 2017, a follow-up survey investigated the impact of the policy implementation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of that policy. Subjects and methods This study is based on two cross-sectional road safety surveys conducted by the IO's Staff Road Safety Task Force. The study population consisted of both regular employees and consultants based at country offices (CO) worldwide. The number of reported road traffic crashes and near-crashes (nearly had a crash), as well as road safety behavior, was compared between these two surveys. The analysis was performed from a gender perspective. High-risk countries were identified based on the number of reported road traffic crashes and near-crashes. Results Over a period of nine years, the incidence rates had dropped from 1.6 to 0.7 road traffic crashes per 1000 travel days and from 14 to 8.9 near-crashes per 1000 travel days. Seat belt usage had increased from 70% to 80%. There were no major differences between male and female respondents. Developing countries had the highest travel adjusted event rates. Conclusion The findings of this study suggest that the policy had a positive impact on road safety among CO staff within the IO.

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