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Cytoplasmic Parvovirus Capsids Recruit Importin Beta for Nuclear Delivery

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare E. Mantyla
V. Aho
Michael Kann
M. Vihinen-Ranta
Publicerad i Journal of Virology
Volym 94
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 12
ISSN 0022-538X
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar
Sidor 12
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1128/jvi.01532-19
Ämnesord parvovirus capsid, importin beta, interaction, cytoplasm, nucleoplasm, adenoassociated virus type-2, pore complex, canine parvovirus, minute, virus, localization signal, protein import, vp1n-terminal sequence, transport, dynein, entry, Virology
Ämneskategorier Immunologi inom det medicinska området

Sammanfattning

Parvoviruses are an important platform for gene and cancer therapy. Their cell entry and the following steps, including nuclear import, are inefficient, limiting their use in therapeutic applications. Two models exist on parvoviral nuclear entry: the classical import of the viral capsid using nuclear transport receptors of the importin (karyopherin) family or the direct attachment of the capsid to the nuclear pore complex leading to the local disintegration of the nuclear envelope. Here, by laser scanning confocal microscopy and in situ proximity ligation analyses combined with coimmunoprecipitation, we show that infection requires importin beta-mediated access to the nuclear pore complex and nucleoporin 153-mediated interactions on the nuclear side. The importin beta-capsid interaction continued within the nucleoplasm, which suggests a mixed model of nuclear entry in which the classical nuclear import across the nuclear pore complex is accompanied by transient ruptures of the nuclear envelope, also allowing the passive entry of importin beta-capsid complexes into the nucleus. IMPORTANCE Parvoviruses are small DNA viruses that deliver their DNA into the postmitotic nuclei, which is an important step for parvoviral gene and cancer therapies. Limitations in virus-receptor interactions or endocytic entry do not fully explain the low transduction/infection efficiency, indicating a bottleneck after virus entry into the cytoplasm. We thus investigated the transfer of parvovirus capsids from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, showing that the nuclear import of the parvovirus capsid follows a unique strategy, which differs from classical nuclear import and those of other viruses.

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