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Protest for a future II: Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 20-27 September, 2019, in 19 cities around the world.

Samlingsverk
Författare Joost de Moor
Katrin Uba
Mattias Wahlström
Magnus Wennerhag
Michiel de Vydt
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap
Språk en
Länkar https://osf.io/asruw/
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/208059
Ämnesord Climate movement, climate protest, envionmental movement, Fridays for Future, global warming, protest survey
Ämneskategorier Sociologi, Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi), Statsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report describes survey data collected from a representative sample of protest participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from a similar previous survey conducted in 13 European cities in March 2019. While the climate strikes are often described as youth actions, prior to the September protests there were explicit calls for adults to join the movement. Our results show that the proportion of adult protestors did indeed increase between March and September. Because a lower proportion of September protesters say that their participation is directly motivated by Greta Thunberg, we conclude that the “Greta effect” is becoming less influential. As before, the majorities of adult participants were well educated and had a university degree. Correspondingly, a large proportion of young people participating in the September strikes had parents who had studied at university level. Interpersonal mobilization was the predominant method of recruitment to the strikes, particularly among friends and schoolmates. Meanwhile, a growing share of adults participate alone. In general, the participants expressed frustration, anger, and anxiety when asked about their emotions concerning climate change and global warming, and we note a decreasing trend of hopefulness that important environmental issues can be addressed through policies. While there are clear cross-city differences in respect of proposed solutions to environmental problems, there was more unity against relying on companies and the market to solve these problems. In sum, our findings suggest that the movement is becoming more established, although there are still large proportions of young participants who had not taken any political action before the strike in September.

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