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Patterns and Variations of Marketization Compared

Kapitel i bok
Författare Andrej Christian Lindholst
Morten Balle Hansen
Ylva Norén Bretzer
Nicola Dempsey
Merethe Dotterud Leiren
Publicerad i Marketization in Local Government: Diffusion and Evolution in Scandinavia and England
Sidor 197 - 221
ISBN 978-3-030-32477-3
Förlag Palgrave Macmillan, Springer Nature
Förlagsort Cham, Switzerland
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Förvaltningshögskolan
Sidor 197 - 221
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-3...
Ämnesord NPM Patterns and Variations Compared in England and Scandinavia
Ämneskategorier Studier av offentlig förvaltning

Sammanfattning

In chapters 5 to 8, we provided an overview of trajectories of marketization and their impact on the organization and provision of municipal park and road services in each of the four countries: England and the three Scandinavian countries Sweden, Denmark and Norway. The country-based studies highlighted particular characteristics of marketization and how marketization has found its way within municipal park and road services. One key finding appearing from a cross-reading is that marketization is characterized by substantial variations across the four countries. The implementation of marketization both diverge and converge across the national contexts in unexpected ways. For example, the purposes for involving private providers and markets in public service delivery may not be so tightly coupled to cost concerns as envisioned in core new public management (NPM) reform models. Private providers and markets may also have equally important, albeit different, roles in public service delivery across radical and more cautious reform countries. Lastly, countries renowned for strong emphasis on marketization in their past reform trajectories may not appear that marketized after all – even within spearhead sectors such as municipal park and road services. Also, the study of economic outcomes from contracting out of park and road services in chapter 9 found substantial variations, including average cost savings in Denmark, a neutral effect on costs levels in Sweden and average cost increases in Norway, even after controlling for standard explanations such as the level of competition and contracting strategy. These variations in outcomes call for a careful appreciation of the comparative characteristics of the wider institutional context for marketization across different groups of countries. To gain a better understanding of similarities and differences in the patterns and variations in contemporary marketization in a comparative perspective, we have addressed the following two research questions: 1) To which degree do patterns and variations in contemporary marketization within municipal park and road services diverge (or converge) across England and the three Scandinavian countries, and 2) can any distinctive variants of marketization be identified across the four countries (or is marketization converging on a common model)? To answer these questions, we compare patterns and variations of contemporary marketization within a series of statistical analyses of comparable INOPS survey data from each of the four countries (see chapter 4 for details on data and methods). The INOPS survey data makes it possible to explore and carry out formal statistical tests of whether municipalities across the four countries converge or diverge in their implementation of features from different marketization models within the park and road services. The comparison extends the analysis of the implementation of marketization within municipal park and road services from the single-country perspectives found in chapters 5 to 8 toward a formalized comparative country analysis based on statistical techniques.

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