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Prognostic value of amplitude-integrated EEG in neonates with high risk of neurological sequelae

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare X. Yuan
W. Q. Kang
J. Song
J. Guo
L. L. Guo
R. L. Zhang
S. H. Liu
Y. D. Zhang
D. P. Liu
Y. Wang
X. Ding
H. M. Dong
X. Chen
Y. H. Cheng
X. L. Zhang
F. L. Xu
Changlian Zhu
Publicerad i Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Volym 7
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 210-218
ISSN 2328-9503
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Sidor 210-218
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/acn3.50989
Ämnesord hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, predictive-value, 6 h, hypothermia, newborns, electroencephalography, infants, birth, outcomes, sepsis, Neurosciences & Neurology
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Objective To determine the efficacy and the prognostic value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in term and near-term neonates with high risk of neurological sequelae. Methods Infants of >= 35 weeks of gestation diagnosed with neonatal encephalopathy or with high risk of brain injury were included. All eligible infants underwent aEEG within 6 h after clinical assessment. The infants were followed up 12 months to evaluate neurological development. Results A total of 250 infants were eligible, of which 85 had normal aEEG, 81 had mildly abnormal aEEG, and 84 had severely abnormal aEEG. Of these infants, 168 were diagnosed with different neonatal encephalopathies, 27 with congenital or metabolic diseases, and 55 with high risk of brain injury. In all, 22 infants died, 19 were lost to follow-up, and 209 completed the follow-up at 12 months, of which 62 were diagnosed with a neurological disability. Statistical analysis showed that severely abnormal aEEG predicted adverse neurological outcome with a sensitivity of 70.2%, a specificity of 87.1%, a positive predictive value of 75.6%, and a negative predictive value of 83.7%. Interpretation aEEG can predict adverse outcomes in high-risk neonates and is a useful method for monitoring neonates with high risk of adverse neurological outcomes.

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