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Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation estimated risk and prevalent subclinical atherosclerosis in coronary and carotid arteries: A population-based cohort analysis from the Swedish Cardiopulmonary Bioimage Study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare C. J. Ostgren
S. Soderberg
K. Festin
Oskar Angerås
G. Bergstrom
A. Blomberg
John Brandberg
K. Cederlund
M. Eliasson
G. Engstrom
D. Erlinge
Erika Fagman
E. Hagstrom
L. Lind
M. Mannila
U. Nilsson
J. Oldgren
E. Ostenfeld
A. Persson
J. Persson
M. Persson
Annika Rosengren
J. Sundstrom
E. Swahn
J. E. Engvall
T. Jernberg
Publicerad i European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Sidor 12
ISSN 2047-4873
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för radiologi
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin
Sidor 12
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/2047487320909300
Ämnesord Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation, estimated risk, subclinical, atherosclerosis, population, cardiovascular risk, european-society, calcium score, quantification, prevention, cardiology, age, Cardiovascular System & Cardiology
Ämneskategorier Kardiologi

Sammanfattning

Background It is not clear if the European Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation algorithm is useful for identifying prevalent subclinical atherosclerosis in a population of apparently healthy individuals. Our aim was to explore the association between the risk estimates from Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation and prevalent subclinical atherosclerosis. Design The design of this study was as a cross-sectional analysis from a population-based study cohort. Methods From the general population, the Swedish Cardiopulmonary Bioimage Study randomly invited individuals aged 50-64 years and enrolled 13,411 participants mean age 57 (standard deviation 4.3) years; 46% males between November 2013-December 2016. Associations between Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation risk estimates and coronary artery calcification and plaques in the carotid arteries by using imaging data from a computed tomography of the heart and ultrasonography of the carotid arteries were examined. Results Coronary calcification was present in 39.5% and carotid plaque in 56.0%. In men, coronary artery calcium score >0 ranged from 40.7-65.9% and presence of carotid plaques from 54.5% to 72.8% in the age group 50-54 and 60-65 years, respectively. In women, the corresponding difference was from 17.1-38.9% and from 41.0-58.4%. A doubling of Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation was associated with an increased probability to have coronary artery calcium score >0 (odds ratio: 2.18 (95% confidence interval 2.07-2.30)) and to have >1 carotid plaques (1.67 (1.61-1.74)). Conclusion Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation estimated risk is associated with prevalent subclinical atherosclerosis in two major vascular beds in a general population sample without established cardiovascular disease or diabetes mellitus. Thus, the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation risk chart may be of use for estimating the risk of subclinical atherosclerosis.

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