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Individuals with dark traits have the ability but not the disposition to empathize

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Petri Kajonius
T. Bjorkman
Publicerad i Personality and Individual Differences
Volym 155
Sidor 5
ISSN 0191-8869
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 5
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.1097...
Ämnesord Personality, Dark triad, Empathy, Cognitive ability, asperger-syndrome, emotional intelligence, universal values, triad, traits, sample-size, adults, machiavellianism, personality, narcissism, view, Psychology
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Empathy is fundamental to social cognition and societal values. Empathy is theorized as having both the ability as well as the disposition to imagine the content of other peoples minds. We tested whether the notorious low empathy in dark personalities (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism; the Dark Triad) is best characterized by a lack of capacity (ability) or lack of disposition (trait). Data was collected for 278 international participants through an anonymous online survey shared on the online platform LinkedIn, consisting of trait-based Dark Triad personality (SD3) and empathy (IRI), and cognitive ability (ICAR16) and ability-based empathy (MET). Dark personality traits had no relationship with ability-based empathy, but strongly so with trait-based empathy (beta = -0.47). Instead, cognitive ability explained ability-based empathy (beta = 0.31). The finding is that dark personalities in a community sample is normally cognizant to empathize but has a low disposition to do so. This finding may help shed further light on how personality is interlinked with ability.

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