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The scope of regional innovation policy to realize transformative change - a case study of the chemicals industry in western Sweden

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Hanna Martin
Publicerad i European Planning Studies
Sidor 19
ISSN 0965-4313
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Management & Organisation
Sidor 19
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2020.17...
Ämnesord Regional innovation systems, regional innovation policy, new path, development, transformative change, chemicals industry, bioeconomy, economic-geography, path dependence, multilevel perspective, transitions, sustainability, technology, proximity, creation, dynamics, insights, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, Geography, Public Administration, Urban Studies
Ämneskategorier Social och ekonomisk geografi

Sammanfattning

Economic geography and innovation studies are increasingly asking how regional industrial development paths develop. This paper addresses the scope of regional innovation policy to influence transformative change in regional industries, such as that needed to cope with grand societal challenges including climate change. We take a cross-disciplinary perspective using the regional innovation system framework, which is focused on innovation-based regional development, and complement this with insights from the sociotechnical transitions literature and its conceptualizations of sociotechnical regimes and niches. Empirically, we study the case of the chemicals industry in the Gothenburg-Stenungsund region, Sweden's largest basic chemicals industry cluster. Shifting from discussion to action appears challenging for this regional industry, despite advances in technology development, ongoing co-operation between the region's public and private sectors and its ambition to become an international leader in the production of sustainable chemistry products by 2030. Using this case, we present a broader view of path development, one that includes under-addressed policy approaches attempting to create new sociotechnical alignments that require co-evolving changes across technologies, infrastructures, regulatory frameworks and other societal dimensions, both within and beyond the regional context.

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