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What is the time cost of exercise? Cost of time spent on exercise in a primary health care intervention to increase physical activity

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare L. Hagberg
Stefan Lundqvist
L. Lindholm
Publicerad i Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation
Volym 18
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 7
ISSN 1478-7547
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering
Sidor 7
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12962-020-00209...
Ämnesord Exercise, Time cost, Cost-effectiveness, Voluntary time, Physical, activity, Primary health care, Health Care Sciences & Services
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Background In health care interventions aimed at increased physical activity, the individual's time spent on exercise is a substantial input. Time costs should therefore be considered in cost-effectiveness analyses. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost of time spent on exercise among 333 primary health care patients with metabolic risk factors receiving physical activity on prescription. Methods Based on a theoretical framework, a yardstick was constructed with experience of work (representing claim of salary as compensation) as the lower anchor-point, and experience of leisure activity forgone due to extended exercise time (no claim) as the higher anchor-point. Using this yardstick experience of exercise can be valued. Another yardstick was constructed with experience of cleaning at home in combination with willingness to pay for cleaning as the lowest anchor-point. Results The estimated costs of exercise time were between 14 and 37% of net wages, with physical activity level being the most important factor in determining the cost. Among sedentary individuals, the time cost was 21-51% of net wages while among individuals performing regular exercise it was 2-10%. When estimating the cost of time spent on exercise in a cost-effectiveness analysis, experience of exercise, work, leisure activity forgone, and cleaning at home (or other household work that may be relevant to purchase) should be measured. The individual's willingness to pay for cleaning at home and their net salary should also be measured. Conclusions When using a single valuation of cost of time spent on exercise in health care interventions, for employed participants 15-30% of net salary should be used. Among unemployed individuals, lower cost estimation should be applied. Better precision in cost estimations can be achieved if participants are stratified by physical activity levels. Trial registration The study was conducted as a survey of existing clinical physical activity on prescription work, and was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Gothenburg, Sweden (ref: 678-14)

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