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Risk of hernia formation after radical prostatectomy: a comparison between open and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy within the prospectively controlled LAPPRO trial.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Hanna Nilsson
Johan Stranne
Jonas Hugosson
C Wessman
Gunnar Steineck
A Bjartell
S Carlsson
T Thorsteinsdottir
S I Tyritzis
A Lantz
P Wiklund
Eva Haglind
Publicerad i Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery
ISSN 1248-9204
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för onkologi
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för urologi
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-020-02178...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Cancer och onkologi, Kirurgi, Urologi och andrologi

Sammanfattning

In addition to incisional hernia, inguinal hernia is a recognized complication to radical retropubic prostatectomy. To compare the risk of developing inguinal and incisional hernias after open radical prostatectomy compared to robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.Patients planned for prostatectomy were enrolled in the prospective, controlled LAPPRO trial between September 2008 and November 2011 at 14 hospitals in Sweden. Information regarding patient characteristics, operative techniques and occurrence of postoperative inguinal and incisional hernia were retrieved using six clinical record forms and four validated questionnaires.3447 patients operated with radical prostatectomy were analyzed. Within 24 months, 262 patients developed an inguinal hernia, 189 (7.3%) after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and 73 (8.4%) after open radical prostatectomy. The relative risk of having an inguinal hernia after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy was 18% lower compared to open radical retropubic prostatectomy, a non-significant difference. Risk factors for developing an inguinal hernia after prostatectomy were increased age, low BMI and previous hernia repair. The incidence of incisional hernia was low regardless of surgical technique. Limitations are the non-randomised setting.We found no difference in incidence of inguinal hernia after open retropubic and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The low incidence of incisional hernia after both procedures did not allow for statistical analysis. Risk factors for developing an inguinal hernia after prostatectomy were increased age and BMI.

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